Emergency management is a division of the local government which manages the response and recovery time when a disaster strikes their area. These could be natural disasters or manmade disasters. The idea behind emergency management is to be able to respond to crises quickly so that the number of human causalities will be reduced.
The biggest trend in emergency management is with digital communication. It used to be that if a dangerous storm was going to strike a community, people would only get information about it from the radio or television. But now people are getting these warnings on their computers and mobile devices. In fact, social media is starting to be used as a way to communicate with people during a disaster. This information has been deemed more reliable than information from news reports because these reports are often inaccurate and conflicting with one another. On the other hand, social media allows the police and emergency responders to directly communicate with the public without the media distorting the facts to them. We may see a future where people won’t watch the news in an emergency. Instead, they will look for messages on social media from real organizations that are managing the emergency situation.
Believe it or not, 9-1-1 emergency call centers are becoming cyberattacked by hackers and even domestic terrorists. This greatly diminishes the response time of police officers and their resources. Plus, these attacks are also affecting the power plant, water grid and other important structures that maintain the wellbeing of a community. These attacks are only going to increase as we approach the future. That is why many emergency managers are requiring their staff to be both educated and experienced before they are hired. Emergency management has become such a complicated task in the 21st century because it involves knowledge in information technology, law enforcement, telecommunications, automobiles and more. This means if someone wants to work in emergency management then they’ll need a four-year degree and at least 2 years of experience in their chosen profession within the industry.
Preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation are the four key components of emergency management that are trending. Usually, the way emergency managers prepare for emergencies is by learning from previous emergencies and how well their tactics worked back then. Now through mitigation, emergency managers are starting to reinvent their strategies for responding to emergencies and recovering from them afterward.